Tuesday, August 15, 2017
Wed., July 17, 1935 - Canned 20 qts. of cherries and made some cherry jam. I washed and waved my hair. Helen, Irene, and Bess came for me to go to Norfolk to pick out the wedding present for Verna N. Ditman. Too busy to go. Went to Hoskins on train. Talked to Mrs. Behmer and others until Hazel came. Saw the free movies.
Thurs., July 18, 1935 - Talked most of the morning. In the afternoon we took a nap and then looked at quilts and fancy work.
Fri., July 19, 1935 - I embroidered on my cutwork today. This afternoon we looked through Hazel's patterns.
I don't know who Hazel is and do not know where she lived, so I am not sure how much of a getaway the vacation was, but Grandma looks to be enjoying a well-deserved break from picking and canning cherries.
Monday, August 14, 2017
Sun., July 14, 1935 - Mom and I went to church. This p.m. I straightened my cedar chest and the covered box. Howard here this evening. We went for a ride.
Mon., July 15, 1935 - We got up at 5:00 this morning to pick cherries. We picked a little over a bushel. This p.m. canned 12 pints of peas, beans and carrots. Saw a total eclipse of the moon tonite.
Tues., July 16, 1935 - Up early again to pick cherries. We sold 3 bushels of cherries this summer and have a bushel or more for our own use. Got a card from Hazel J. asking me to come tomorrow and spend several days there.
Well, well. Here we are in 2017 gearing up for a total solar eclipse and there was a total lunar eclipse back in 1935 for folks to enjoy. Not that I thought Grandma was fabricating, I did look up lunar eclipses in 1935 and found this:
(Just copy and paste if it isn't clickable.) Isn't technology wonderful sometimes?
Friday, August 11, 2017
Thurs., July 11, 1935 - We canned 5 quarts of pickled beets and 19 quarts of rhubarb. By nite we were ready for bed.
Fri., July 12, 1935 - We picked a bushel of cherries this morning. Mom and I washed our hair. Baked a cake. Went to installation tonite. Mom along, too.
Sat., July 13, 1935 - Cleaned up the house. Aired the bedding and cleaned the hall bedroom. Howard was up here an hour this evening.
They sure picked a lot of cherries. I do not remember a cherry tree at Grandma's house. I will ask (in person) those people in the know for my own edification. I do fondly remember the apricot tree right by the back door. I remember being fairly sad when it had to come down.
Wednesday, August 9, 2017
Mon., July 8, 1935 - Hot! Hotter! Hottest! today. Ray left here about 4:00. He's going up to Stahl's and leave from there tomorrow morning sometime. Rained some about 6:00 p.m.
Tues., July 9, 1935 - Up at 5:30 and picked cherries. Mom sewed this afternoon and I worked on my star quilt.
Wed., July 10. 1935 - We canned 7 pints of peas. Mom went to Ladies Aid. When we were upstairs this evening we heard a lot of noise down town. We went down town and discovered they were having a free movie in the park. Saw Howard and he brought us home.
Goodness, just how noisy was it at the movie in the park to catch the attention of those up the hill?
The photo is of Mitch, Anna and me yesterday while we were walking around East Campus. I thought it was worth sharing.
Tuesday, August 8, 2017
Fri., July 5, 1935 - We slept late and played lazy all day. Ray came home in the p.m. He and Willie Stahl are leaving for the harvest fields Monday. Picked peas this evening.
Sat., July 6, 1935 - I got up at 5:00 this a.m. Washed clothes. Ray, Grandad, and Mom went to Wayne over noon. Canned 5 pints of peas. Edwin came up this p.m. and told us about the Kahler family reunion tomorrow at Willie Kahlers.
Sun., July 7, 1935 - Mom, Ray, Uncle Hans, Aunt Emma, Sophia, Walter K. and I went to Dakota City today. We left here at 11:50 and didn't get there until 3:00! We didn't start sooner because Ray went up to Uncle Hans' last nite. It rained there this morning and they needed chains on to get here. On the way there we had 2 flat tires and car trouble, the engine didn't get gas the way it should. Walter went along with us because his folks left half an hour before he got here from Norfolk. He went home with his folks. We left there at 8:00, got to Aunt Emma's at 10:00. We had a lunch there before we took Uncle Hans home and then came to Winside.
What a heck of a time getting to a reunion they only heard about the day before. I did not know any of the Kahlers lived near Dakota City, but I am not really versed on that branch of the family tree. I guess Grussmother was not feeling well?
From Dakota City's website:
One of Nebraska's oldest communities, the site of Dakota City, was first visited by the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which reached the mouth of Omaha Creek on August 16, 1804. A town was not advanced until the location was designated as county seat shortly after Dakota County was established in 1855. A town site was platted the following year. J. D. M.Crockwell, an agent for the Dakota City Land Company formed by Augustus Kountze, chose the name in honor of the Dacotah (Sioux) Indians.
The original plat called for a town two-miles wide from east to west, with its eastern end abutting the Missouri River. Broadway was to be 150 feet wide with plans for the construction of a "center canal" which could bring barges directly into the town. Showing remarkable growth, Dakota City was incorporated on April 5, 1858.
Today our town contains 21 miles of streets, of which nine miles are hard-surfaced. Dakota City is adjacent to the four-lane highways of 77 & 20, making it only minutes away from Sioux City, and Iowa's newest and largest shopping center, Southern Hills Mall.
Recreation focuses on the river, which is readily accessible in Cotton Wood Cove Park. There are 16 acres of land per 1,000 population devoted to parks, playgrounds, athletic fields and courts.
Schools, with a long tradition of growth, reflected the need for reorganization in the 1960s. At that time a K-4 elementary unit was retained in Dakota City, with all other grades attending classes in South Sioux City.
Dakota City has the first Lutheran church building built in Nebraska, the Emmanuel Lutheran Church, a Greek Revival style structure built in 1860. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The first pastor was the Reverend Henry W. Kuhns, who was a missionary sent by the Allegheny Synod to Nebraska Territory. Rev. Kuhns first preached in the front room of Bates House, a hotel, in November of 1850. The church was formally organized July 22, 1859.
Plans were started for the building of the church, but their idea of moving an abandoned store from the abandoned town of Pacific City came to an end when a prairie fire destroyed the building as it was being moved to Dakota City. The present church was designed and built by Augustus T. Haase, a local carpenter and a member of the Emmanuel Lutheran congregation, at a total cost of $2,000. The building also served periodically as a Territorial courthouse, and religious services were still held on Sunday as usual. The church stands today as a proud monument to the tenacity and strength of purpose of the early Dakota County settlers.
The church was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1969.
The photo is of the church, grabbed from wikipeda. There was a nice train photograph on the Dakota City website, and I wanted to use it for Wayne's sake, but I was not able to copy the image.
Monday, August 7, 2017
Tues., July 2, 1935 - Up at 5:30 and picked cherries. Went down town this morning, met Helen, and she brought me up the hill. Howard took Mom and me to see Mayme tonite. She's getting better.
Wed., July 3, 1935 - Worked like the dickens. Baked 5 pies, bread and a cake. Cleaned the house. Mom finished some sewing in the morning and I pitted cherries. Mom and I entertained R.N.A. tonite.
Thur., July 4, 1935 - Down to parade in a.m. Home for dinner. Down town again in p.m. Wandered around in park. Saw H.I. in p.m., in evening we went to the show, Joe Brown in "Son of a Sailor".
I found there is an actor named Joe Brown and another named Joe E. Brown. I believe Joe E. is better known. The plot of the movie from IMDB is this:
A smooth-talking sailor looking for a quick date meets the granddaughter of an admiral and finds himself in a house full of top Navy officers, along with a couple of spies interested in plans for a new robot-controlled flight system.
Another poster claimed the movie was "a rollicking rib-tickling comedy". I remember Joe E. Brown from "Some Like It Hot" and I am prepared to believe Son of a Sailor is probably pretty funny.
On another note, it appears those ladies in the poster above are undressed. Good heavens!
Friday, August 4, 2017
Sat., June 29, 1935 - At last my flower garden quilt is finished. Mom sewed the last half of the last side for me. Mom and I went to the Dane dance at Pete C.'s. barn. Free beer there! H.I. didn't know anything for awhile. Got home at 4:00 a.m.
Sun., June 30, 1935 - Slept late of course. Howard came in about 3:00 and we went for a ride. Drove around south, east, and west of town.
Mon., July 1, 1935 - Hot as the dickens today. I worked awhile on my star quilt. One of the colors doesn't suit me so I'm going to try to get some material that will look better.
My goodness. I don't think Grandma has mentioned beer before. How scandalous. Also, did Grandma Anna stay out until 4:00 a.m., too? Crazy times.
I am only guessing that the Pete C. mentioned is Pete Christensen. And with that in mind, here's a photograph of Uncle Pete and Aunt Margaret (far left and far right) with Uncle Nels and Aunt Mary Iversen, taken at Vona, Colorado.
Thursday, August 3, 2017
Wed., June 26, 1935 - Finished the ironing today. Mom went down town early to the free show. I went down later. Met Howard at Henry Fleer's store.
Thur., June 27, 1935 - Mom and I went to Norfolk on the train. It rained practically all the time we were there. Mom got some things to fix her new eyelet dress and a new white hat.
Fri., June 28, 1935 - Finished basting the border on my quilt and then started on the last part of stitching. To Rebekah meeting tonite. Howard and Irene served homemade ice cream and cake.
Yummmm, homemade ice cream!
Because we talked of the Brogren cousins today at lunch, I am including a copy of a photo and little article featuring Terry Brogren from the Lincoln Star on October 29, 1955. I don't remember if I've used it before, but oh well.
Wednesday, August 2, 2017
Sun., June 23, 1935 - Slept late this morning. Didn't do much beside sleep the rest of the day. Marie and Orville were here for dinner. Clifford was doing business with Gurney Benshoof. Marie took us to the cemetery.
Mon., June 24, 1935 - Washed this morning. Rained when we were ready to hang out the clothes. Cleared up in the afternoon
Tues., June 25, 1935 - Did part of the ironing today. Spent the afternoon working on my quilt.
I do not believe I know any of the people mentioned here. Will have to call in some back-up.
For no particular reason, here's a cute photo of Annabelle and Leeroy that I do not think I've used before.
Friday, July 28, 2017
Thurs., June 20, 1935 - Rained during the nite. I came into town with Edwin in the morning. Went down town to Mrs. Wolfe's with Mom about 5:00.
Fri., June 21, 1935 - Edwin brought Annabelle and Haroldean into our place this morning. Mom went to Carl. W.'s funeral this afternoon. Edwin took the kids and me out to Ola's tonite.
Sat., June 22, 1935 - I washed my hair and baked a cake for tonite. When I got into town I made the sandwiches. Howard took me to the dance. I got to bed about 4:00 p.m.
I believe Grandma meant she got to bed about 4:00 a.m. Maybe she was too tired to think straight.
Happy birthday in 2017 to the cutie in the picture. I am loving that blouse and necklace -- seriously, very pretty. And great curls, too.
Thursday, July 27, 2017
Mon., June 17, 1935 - We all slept until noon today. Annie Miller came up this p.m. and Mom made a wash dress for her. It rained just about all day.
Tues., June 18, 1935 - Partly cloudy today. I had my second lesson in bread baking today. The bread was good, only I forgot to salt it! Carl Wolf died today.
Wed., June 19, 1935 - Edwin came after me before I was out of bed. I went out to Ola's and took care of the house and kids while Annie helped cultivate. Came to town tonite.
I skipped ahead in the Winside history book to 1935 to see what was going on behind-the-scenes of Grandma's diary, so to speak. A few items drew my attention:
May 9, the much talked of fad "The Get Rich Chain Letter" made its appearance the past week. Postal receipts the first five days in May have totaled $88. Very little money was received by parties here but a plenty was sent out of town.
May 29, Winside will have for the first time in its history, free movies.
June 21, C. J. Wolff, a harness maker here for 35 years, passed away.
So, there we have some of Grandma's recent writings confirmed by an outside source. The dates for Mr. Wolff's death do not match but the one in the history book is very likely the date the newspaper reported the event.
Wednesday, July 26, 2017
Fri., June 14, 1935 - I had my first lesson in bread baking today and I had good bread, too! To lodge tonite. Howard brought me home.
Sat., June 15, 1935 - Cleaned the house and the basement this morning. I washed and waved my hair this p.m. Went down town tonite, met Howard, and he brought me home.
Sun., June 16, 1935 - Up at 5:00 and left at 7:00 for Elkhorn. Mom, Grussfather, Ray and I went. Grussmother thought the trip would be too hard on her. The folks hadn't been back to Elkhorn since they moved away 44 years ago. Stopped at Andrew's on our way home for my knives. Got home at 8:00. Mom, Ray and I went out to Ola's tonite. Florence and Edwin got up a surprise for them for their ninth wedding anniversary. We played cards and danced. Howard brought Mom and I home. Lloyd Voss was buried today. He committed suicide by gassing himself in his car about 6 miles southwest of Hoskins Wednesday or Thursday. The body was found yesterday. Mayme is in the hospital at Norfolk and is quite sick. F. S. said they hadn't told her about Lloyd.
I have no trouble believing Grandma had success on her first day of baking bread.
Now that the knives have come up again, I know who Trena is, mentioned earlier when Grandma sent her a letter about her missing silverware. Trena was married to Andrew Andersen (the keeper of the knives in this post), whose father was a brother to Ole Andreasen, William Andersen's father. Shorter version -- Andrew was William Andersen's first cousin. I am glad to have this information since I had not yet ventured out on this particular branch of the family tree and therefore, Trena was unknown to me until just today. Further digging reveals her full name was quite lovely -- Rasmine Petrine Rasmussen Andersen. And since we were talking about him, I'm using a photo of Mr. Ole Andreasen today.
I know the last name Voss, but will need help from someone to know who Lloyd and Mayme were. Very sad story. There was nothing in the Winside history book about Lloyd's death.
Tuesday, July 25, 2017
Tues., June 11, 1935 - The losing side of the card club met at Walker's tonite. We're going to give the others a dance in Pete's barn June 22. Each person is supposed to invite 2 guests.
Wed., June 12, 1935 - Waved Mom's hair this morning. Mom went to Ladies Aid this p.m. Tonite we went down town to the free movies. It was a western picture with Buck Jones.
Thurs., June 13, 1935 - I went to Wayne on the train this a.m. Took my fair work to Miss Sewell's office and then went to Aunt Mildred's. Spent the rest of the day there and came home on the evening train.
As is my habit with these posts, I went in search of a western starring Buck Jones made in or around 1935 so I could have a movie poster for my photo. I found several to pick from and did not want to guess which one Grandma saw. So, I decided to learn about Buck Jones himself which led me to a wikipedia article about the nightclub fire in which he died at age 50 years. The article is much too long to post in its entirety, but I selected some rather interesting portions. The following may not be coherent as a whole since I am picking and choosing bits and pieces.
"The Cocoanut Grove was a premier nightclub during the post-Prohibition 1930's and 1940's in Boston, Massachusetts. On November 28, 1942, it was the scene of the deadliest nightclub fire in history, killing 492 people (which was 32 more than the building's authorized capacity) and injuring hundreds more. The scale of the tragedy shocked the nation and briefly replaced the events of World War II in newspaper headlines. It led to a reform of safety standards and codes across the US, and to major changes in the treatment and rehabilitation of burn victims internationally.
The club had opened in 1927 as a partnership between two orchestra leaders, Mickey Alpert and Jacques Renard. (Although neither held an interest in the club by 1942, Alpert was leading the house band the night of the fire.) Alpert and Renard's mob-connected financiers gained control and opened a speakeasy in the complex, and it gained a reputation for being a gangland hangout. Gangland boss and bootlegger Charles "King" Solomon, also known as "Boston Charlie," owned the club from 1931 to 1933, when he was gunned down in the men's room of Roxbury's Cotton Club nightclub in 1933. Ownership passed to Solomon's lawyer Barnet "Barney" Welansky, who sought a more mainstream image for the club while he privately boasted of his ties to the Mafia and to Boston Mayor Maurice J. Tobin. He was known to be a tough boss who ran a tight ship: hiring teenagers to work as busboys for low wages, and street thugs who doubled as waiters and bouncers. He locked exits, concealed others with draperies, and even bricked up one emergency exit to prevent customers from leaving without paying. Coincidentally, on the night of the fire, he was still recovering from a heart attack in a private room at Massachusetts General Hospital, where some of the victims would be sent.
Originally a garage and warehouse complex, the brick and concrete buildings had been converted to a one-and-a-half-story meandering complex of dining rooms, bars, and lounges. The club offered its patrons dining and dancing in a South Seas-like "tropical paradise" and a roof that could be rolled back in summer for dancing under the stars. The decor consisted of leatherette, rattan and bamboo coverings on the walls, heavy draperies, and "swanky" dark blue satin canopies and covering on ceilings. Support columns in the main dining area were made to look like palm trees, with light fixtures made to look like coconuts. That theme was carried over into the basement Melody Lounge, with what little light there was provided by palm tree light fixtures.
Wall coverings and decorative materials had been approved on the basis of tests for ordinary ignition, which showed resistance to combustion from sources such as matches and cigarettes. Decorative cloth was purportedly treated with ammonium sulfate as a fire retardant upon installation, but there was no documentation that the fire retardant treatment was maintained at the required intervals. Since the US entry into the war, air conditioning systems had been serviced and the freon refrigerant was replaced by methyl chloride, a flammable gas, due to the wartime shortage of freon.
It is estimated that on that Saturday night more than 1,000 Thanksgiving weekend revelers, wartime servicemen and their sweethearts, football fans, and others were crammed into a space rated for a maximum of 460 people.
Official reports state that the fire started at about 10:15 pm in the dark, intimate Melody Lounge downstairs. The lounge was lit by low-powered light bulbs in coconut-styled sconces beneath the fronds. A young man, possibly a soldier, had unscrewed a light bulb in order to give himself privacy while kissing his date. Stanley Tomaszewski—a 16-year-old busboy—was instructed to put the light back on by tightening the bulb. He stepped up onto a chair to reach the light in the darkened corner. Unable to see the bulb, he lit a match to illuminate the area, tightened the bulb, and extinguished the match. Witnesses first saw flames in the fronds, which were just below the ceiling, immediately afterward. Though the lit match had been close to the same fronds where the fire was seen to have begun, the official report determined that Tomaszewski's actions could not be found to be the source of the fire, which "will be entered into the records of this department as being of unknown origin".
Despite waiters' efforts to douse the fire with water, it spread along the fronds of the palm tree. In a final desperate attempt to separate the burning fronds from the fabric-covered false ceiling the decoration was pulled away from the corner, taking with it a triangular plywood panel at the ceiling level and opening the enclosed space above the false ceiling. Coincidentally or not, that was the point at which the fire spread to the false ceiling which burned rapidly, showering patrons with sparks and burning shreds of fabric. Flames raced up the stairway to the main level, burning the hair of patrons fleeing up the stairs. A fireball burst through the front entryway and spread through the remaining club areas: through the adjacent Caricature Bar, down a corridor to the Broadway Lounge, and across the central restaurant and dance floor as the orchestra was beginning its evening show. Flames raced faster than patrons could move, followed by thick clouds of smoke. Within five minutes, flames and smoke had spread to the entire nightclub. Some patrons were instantly overcome by smoke as they sat in their seats. Others crawled through the smoky darkness trying to find exits, all but one of which were either non-functioning or hidden in non-public areas.
Many patrons attempted to exit through the main entrance, the same way they had entered. The building's main entrance was a single revolving door, which was rendered useless as the crowd stampeded in panic. Bodies piled up behind both sides of the revolving door, jamming it until it broke. But then the oxygen-hungry fire leaped through the breach, incinerating whoever was left alive in the pile. Firemen had to douse the flames to approach the door. Later, after fire laws had tightened, it would become illegal to have only one revolving door as a main entrance without being flanked by outward opening doors with panic bar openers attached, or have the revolving doors set up so that the doors could fold against themselves in emergency situations.
Other avenues of escape were similarly useless; side doors had been bolted shut to prevent people from leaving without paying. A plate glass window, which could have been smashed for escape, was boarded up and unusable as an emergency exit. Other unlocked doors, like the ones in the Broadway Lounge, opened inwards, rendering them useless against the crush of people trying to escape. Fire officials would later testify that had the doors swung outwards, at least 300 lives could have been spared.
From nearby bars, soldiers and sailors raced to assist. On the street, firefighters lugged out bodies and were treated for burned hands. As night deepened, the temperature dropped. Water on cobblestone pavements froze. Hoses froze to the ground. Newspaper trucks were appropriated as ambulances. Smoldering bodies, living and dead, were hosed in icy water. Some victims had breathed fumes so hot that when they inhaled cold air, as one firefighter put it, they dropped like stones.
Later, during the cleanup of the building, firefighters found several dead guests sitting in their seats with drinks in their hands. They had been overcome so quickly by fire and toxic smoke that they had not had time to move.
Coast Guardsman Clifford Johnson went back in no fewer than four times in search of his date who, unbeknownst to him, had safely escaped. Johnson suffered extensive third-degree burns over 55% of his body but survived the disaster, becoming the most severely burned person ever to survive his injuries at the time. After 21 months in a hospital and several hundred operations, he married his nurse and returned to his home state of Missouri. Fourteen years later he burned to death in a fiery automobile crash.
Barney Welansky, whose connections had allowed the nightclub to operate while in violation of the loose standards of the day, was convicted on 19 counts of manslaughter (19 victims were randomly selected to represent the dead). Welansky was sentenced to 12–15 years in prison in 1943. He served nearly four years before being quietly pardoned by Massachusetts Governor Maurice J. Tobin, who had been mayor of Boston at the time of the fire. In December 1946, ravaged with cancer, Welansky was released from Norfolk Prison, telling reporters, "I wish I'd died with the others in the fire." Nine weeks later, he was dead.
In the year that followed the fire, Massachusetts and other states enacted laws for public establishments banning flammable decorations, inward-swinging exit doors, and requiring exit signs to be visible at all times (meaning that the exit signs had to have independent sources of electricity, and be easily readable in even the thickest smoke). The new laws also required that revolving doors used for egress must either be flanked by at least one normal, outward-swinging door, or retrofitted to permit the individual door leaves to fold flat to permit free-flowing traffic in a panic situation, and further required that no emergency exits be chained or bolted shut in such a way as to bar escape through the doors during a panic or emergency situation. Municipal licensing authorities ruled that no Boston establishment could use "The Cocoanut Grove" as a name thereafter.
Commissions were established by several states that would levy heavy fines or even shut down establishments for infractions of any of these laws. These later became the basis for several federal fire laws and code restrictions placed on nightclubs, theaters, banks, public buildings, and restaurants across the nation. It also led to the formation of several national organizations dedicated to fire safety.
Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Boston City Hospital (BCH) took dozens of burn and smoke inhalation victims, and the event led to new ways of caring for both. Surgeons Francis Daniels Moore and Oliver Cope at Massachusetts General Hospital pioneered fluid resuscitation techniques for the burn victims, whose wounds were treated with soft gauze covered with petroleum jelly instead of tannic acid. Although BCH was able to achieve a survival rate of only 30% one month after the fire, all patients treated for burns at MGH survived. The event was also the first major use of the hospital's new blood bank, one of the area's first.
The survivors of the fire were also among the first humans to be treated with the new antibiotic, penicillin. In early December Merck and Company rushed a 32 L supply of the drug, in the form of culture liquid in which the Penicillium mold had been grown, from New Jersey to Boston. The drug was crucial in combating staphylococcus bacteria, which typically infect skin grafts. As a result of the success of penicillin in preventing infections, the US government decided to support the production and the distribution of penicillin to the armed forces.
Erich Lindemann, a Boston psychiatrist, studied the families and relatives of the dead and published what has become a classic paper, "Symptomatology and Management of Acute Grief", read at the Centenary Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association in May 1944, and published in September of the same year. At the same time Lindemann was laying the foundation for the study of grief and dysfunctional grieving, Alexandra Adler was working with more than 500 survivors of the fire and conducting some of the earliest research on post-traumatic stress disorder."
So, while the event was a horrible tragedy, there were good things that came afterwards with ripple effects surviving well into the future.
Monday, July 24, 2017
Sat., June 8, 1935 - Played lazy again today. Howard came up tonite after I was in bed. I got up and we went out to Walkers to see the government survey tower.
Sun., June 9, 1935 - Went to Piller's Lake southwest of Stanton for a picnic dinner. I didn't know about it until this a.m. when Howard came here. Frances Nielsen and Hank Koch got it up. I guess the Iversens and I weren't supposed to be invited but Kenneth Wagner asked us anyway. Wagners, Davis', Fannie [?], Hank, Iversens and I went. We girls wandered around picking flowers in the p.m. while the boys played cards. I had supper at Iversens. After supper Howard brought me home in the Model T [I think - MJS].
Mon., June 10, 1935 - We washed today. I worked on my quilt this afternoon.
Well! It is unlike Grandma to get even slightly snarky in her posts, but she doesn't tip-toe around the picnic invitation. Yay for Kenneth Wagner for inviting the fun people to the event. I remember him as a member of The Good Guy Team.
And is Piller's Lake possibly Pillar Lake? I could find the latter when I searched, but not the former. But then again, it may have been a lake on private property.
Friday, July 21, 2017
Wed., June 5, 1935 - Howard came up tonite to see if Ray could take us tomorrow. Ray's going to take us and Howard is going along, too.
Thurs., June 6, 1935 - Ray came about 2:00 p.m. We left here at 4:00 and didn't get to Trena's until 7:30. The dance was at Washington. We left the dance at 1:00, stopped at Trena's for my silverware and got home at 4:40. Had a good time.
Fri., June 7, 1935 - I slept until 11:00 this morning. When I got up I looked over my silverware. Half a dozen knives were gone. I wrote to Trena right away. Howard stopped to take me to the Dane dance at Carroll but I was too tired to go.
Well, as late as it was when they went to get it, it is no wonder Grandma didn't notice her missing knives.
Turning down a chance to go to a Dane dance . . . she must have been really tired.
Here's the rest of 1910 from the Winside history book:
July 14, F. S. Tracy sold his hardware store to parties in Stanton.
August 4, Estimate of city's expense for the ensuing year was $3,237.86.
September 5, Winside teachers commenced their school terms today in the following districts: Ida Heyer, No. 16; Olga Johnson, No. 24; Alice Brown, No. 28N; Minnie Hansen, No. 28S; Clara Heyer, No. 41; Ethel Prince, No. 62; Hazel Davis, No. 65; Edith Prince, No. 70; Gertrude Bayes and Josephine Carter in No. 39.
September 6, Tinky Smith has completed the sidewalks around the school.
September 15, the Woman's Club wants everyone to save all of your old papers. Receptacles are placed at E. W. Cullen, Brune and Co., and the post office business places. The proceeds from a carload will be used to buy library books.
October 1, Post Office moved from the Frank Tracy hardware store to the east part of the A. H. Carter building. (Same location in 1941.) John and Fred Miller have rented the store building just vacated and will open a restaurant.
October 27, A. T. Chapin gave the fire boys an oyster supper at the restaurant, in appreciation of their quick response to the fire at his place. Mr. Chapin managed to get the flames out before they arrived but he appreciated their quick response.
November 3, George Farran, I. O. Brown, Henry Trautwein and Lloyd Holcomb returned today from a hunting trip, bring back 200 ducks. Omaha boosters arrived today. The crowd waited nearly two hours out in the cold for them but were well repaid.
November 12, Charles Unger had a cement roof placed on his new house but proving unsatisfactory it was removed and is being replaced with an ordinary shingle roof.
November 17, Dick Waddell now makes his rural route trips in two wheel covered cart, which is easier on the team as well as the driver. December 1, Hans Gottsch bought the John Jaszkowiak residence property opposite the new Lutheran church.
December 14, the board of education plans to have the 12th grade added, if enough are interested to justify it.
The Omaha boosters came to wait for the ducks to arrive? I wonder if the oyster supper was held in the restaurant mentioned one item previous. Maybe Winside had only one restaurant in 1910.
Thursday, July 20, 2017
Sun., June 2, 1935 - To S.S. and church. Worked on quilts this p.m. Ray and Willie here this evening. I went to Hoskins to a dance with Rews and Iversens. An old-time German orchestra played.
Mon., June 3, 1935 - Got a letter from Mildred Andersen saying she was going to be married Wednesday and they are giving them a dance Thursday. She asked us to come to the dance. Mom and I went down town to call up Ray. We met Howard and he brought us up the hill. He said he'd take us to the dance if Ray couldn't.
Tues., June 4, 1935 - I went to Alma's party tonite. We played Michigan Poker. Lydia Kant won high prize. The other guests were Tillie and Elsie Eckert, Gladys Mettlen, Lena Nieman and Edna Podoll. Ray was here while I was gone.
I wonder what Mildred Andersen's new last name was. I do not think I have very much information on her via Ancestry.com to know how the rest of her life turned out.
Here's 1910, where I last left off with Winside history. It must have been a busy year and I will break this up into two posts:
January 13, Brune and Co., have secured the agency for the Brush Auto, Gabler Bros. will continue to sell the Cartercar, Bolander and Woodward the ABC and now that Laase has the Ford, competition out to be fierce.
January 27, A. Woodward sold out today to Aspengren and Strand.
February 3, A. C. Lantz bought the F. F. Ware drug store.
February 7, Eddie Weible won the new buggy given at the Brune and Co. grand opening of their new building.
March 3, Ed. Krause is moving to town into the residence he bought of Dr. A. B. Cherry.
March 16, "Union Depot for a Day" was given by the Woman's Club to help raise money for the library.
March 17, W. G. Archer received word today his pension had been raised to $15.00 per month.
March 24, David Koch was the first man in Winside to receive $10.00 per hundred for his hogs.
April 7, $1435.00 was paid Winside merchants for eggs the past month.
April 17, Frost killed the fruit this year, all of the leaves and blossoms are black.
April 28, Dr. Cherry went to Sioux City after his auto today, which had been taken there for repairs.
May 5, Woman's club received a $25.00 order of books.
May 12, Nebraska is the first state in the Union to declare, through Governor's proclamation, observance of "Mother's Day.'
May 19, the Alumni banquet will be held at the Cavanaugh home.
June 16, Charles Unger has started to build a brick house on his residence in the east part of town.
June 30, the fire bell was taken down from its location at the rear of the Merchants State Bank and placed on top of the town hall.
A couple of things: I never heard of a Cartercar before and had to look it up, hooray for Nebraska on the Mother's Day proclamation, and just how many eggs did Winsiders eat in March 2010?? That's the equivalent of $34,000 in 2015. Perhaps the Winside history book contains a typo?
Wednesday, July 19, 2017
Thurs., May 30, 1935 - Decoration Day. Went to the cemetery with Irene and Mrs. Iversen. Ola and family here for dinner. This p.m. Mayme, Uncle Hans, Meta, and Lilly were here.
Fri., May 31, 1935 - Rained hard this morning. Cloudy all p.m. Grussmother in bed all day. During the past week she remodeled the hen house and cut weeds in front of the house. Now she has a backache!
Sat., June 1, 1935 - Cleaned up the house today. Howard came up tonite while I was cutting quilt blocks. Looked as if it might rain but it didn't.
I looked and found out it wasn't until 1971 that Decoration Day (Memorial Day) was changed from May 30 to the last Monday in May.
I was looking for photos of Grussmother that I maybe had not used yet and came upon these two. Obviously taken the same day, with Grandma Anna and another relative likely trading places to be the photographer. The kids change positions but I think it's the same bunch in both photos. Help in identifying everyone welcome.
Tuesday, July 18, 2017
Mon., May 27, 1935 - Warm and not very windy today. We washed this morning. Florence and Edwin were here a few minutes this evening. Florence brought Mom a plant. My biggest cactus has a little pink blossom on it.
Tues., May 28, 1935 - Worked on my quilt. Ray and Willie came tonite about 9:30 just as we were getting ready to go to bed. They stayed and "talked" until about 11:30.
Wed., May 29, 1935 - Mom went to Mrs. Perrin's this p.m. I worked on my quilt. Alma came down this eve. Alma, Mom and I went down town. A rain scared us home.
I wanted to do a little Winside history since I have not included any for some time, but today has turned out to be rather busy, so I will make this one a quickie. I can't help but wonder, however, why the word talked is in quotes.
Monday, July 17, 2017
Fri., May 24, 1935 - Clear and warm all day. Mom worked in garden in a.m. This p.m. we cleaned up the junk pile west of the house, spaded the ground and made a flower bed. We fixed the trellis and planted my cactus. Went to lodge tonite. Howard brought me home in the "Whoopee."
Sat., May 25, 1935 - Cleaned up the house today. The quilt came today. It's going to be a beauty when it's made.
Sun., To S.S. and church. I worked on my Flower Garden quilt this afternoon. Went to Hoskins tonite with Howard, Helen, Irene, Bess and Raymond to a dance and play "Look Out Lizzie" given by Elsie Eckert's school. I don't think it was as good a play as ours. Hm!
A junk pile by the house?! Seems impossible there was ever anything like that. Also, since when did Grandma have cacti outside in a flower bed? So many questions, but most importantly, what was the "Whoopee"?
I discovered only a little about "Look Out Lizzie". It was described, depending on where one read, as a comedy-drama, simply a comedy, or a rural farce. The photo is of a church group, not a cast from Hoskins but I thought I'd toss it in here regardless. The only Maybee I could find was in Michigan, a village of some 500 folks so maybe (pun intended) it is/was somewhat Wayne County-ish.
Sunday, July 16, 2017
Tues., May 21, 1935 - Sunshiny this morning and rainy this p.m. Sewed on my quilt. Mom got some tomato and sweet potato plants tonite from Carl Wolf.
Wed., May 22, 1935 - Rainy and cloudy all day. Mom went down town and mailed order for Broken Star quilt. Worked on my Flower Garden quilt.
Thurs., May 23, 1935 - Clear all day for a change. A big colored ring was around the sun this noon. Mom went down to Schellenbergs this p.m. to sew. Florence came up here. I walked home with her, had lunch and she brought us home in the car.
I could not find an image of a Broken Star quilt pattern. I thought it was like the one Grandma made for Dale, but I'm not sure. This is what I know as the Flower Garden pattern, but there may be more than one. I can't say that working with those hexagons would be pleasurable for me. I would steer towards something with less wonky corners.
I haven't done a Sunday recipe for a very long time. Since Ms. Reichert has been popping up recently, here is a recipe in Grandma's cookbook with credit to Ms. Reichert.
1/2 c. brown sugar
1/2 c. white sugar
1-1/4 c. sifted flour
1 c. coconut
2 c. corn flakes
1/2 tsp. soda
1/2 tsp. baking powder
1 tsp. vanilla
1/4 tsp. butter flavoring
Chill dough for a short time. Roll in balls, do not flatten. Bake on ungreased cookie sheet at 350 degrees.
We are a little short on details here as to mixing instructions and time for baking, but still worth sharing.
Saturday, July 15, 2017
Sat., May 18, 1935 - Played lazy most of today. Rained all day. Went down town about 6:00 and ordered ice cream for tomorrow.
Sun., May 19, 1935 - Rained this morning. Howard came at 11:00. We got the ice cream and plowed out to the schoolhouse. Mom went too. Davis, F. Niemanns, Ed Niemanns and Goodlings were the only ones who came. Ray surprised us by coming. He's going to stay home until tomorrow nite. We played Musical Chair and Fruit Basket Upset. Howard took me around to the board to get my order signed -- oh! the mud!
Mon., May 20, 1935 - Cloudy this a.m. We went to Norfolk. Ray got a new suit, Mom and I a permanent, Mom white shoes and I a dress. Cleared up this p.m. Ray went back to Owens' tonite.
I've heard mention of Fruit Basket Upset, or Upset the Fruit Basket several times over the years but never thought to find out what it was. Here's what I came up with from a site for Girl Scouts:
"When I was in scouts in the 60's we just to play [sic] Fruit Basket Upset. You try to have enough fruit names (or colors or whatever) to have 4-10 in each category. Everyone (but the person(s) in the middle) form a large circle. Make sure your categories are spread out among the circle. Perhaps assign name/color/number/whatever after the circle is formed. The caller calls out a name/color/number/etc and everyone who has that id has to move to a different spot in the circle--an empty space created by someone else who has to change spaces. The person(s) in the middle tries to get to an empty spot before someone else. Sometimes you can call Fruit Basket Upset and everyone has to change spots."
Sounds like an easy enough, and fun game to me.
Friday, July 14, 2017
Wed., May 15, 1935 - The three sixth grade boys cleaned the basement today and did an excellent job. Robert took Co. exams. The rest worked on fair work.
Thurs., May 16, 1935 - Finished fair work today. The sixth grade helped the 3rd and 4th grade make letters.
Fri., May 17, 1935 - Warmed up in p.m. Cloudy all this week. Checked in books. Dismissed before noon. Marjorie, Jean, and Verdelle Mae stayed until 1:30 to help me! Went to Card Club at Walkers. Howard didn't go, he was plowing late.
Oh, the last day of school. Knowing you would wake up in the morning with a whole summer ahead. It didn't matter if you had to get up early now and then for this and that, it was SUMMER! The country kids thought I was nuts, but I always told them how much I liked riding on the bus whenever I stayed overnight at their places. I was especially jealous to learn there were water fights on the way home after the last day of school.
I am not sure when the above photo was taken, but it certainly looks like Grandma with some students, likely her students.
Thursday, July 13, 2017
Sun., May 12, 1935 - Mother's Day. Ray came home about 1:30. After dinner he took Mom, Grandma and me up to Stahl's. Home about 8:00. Howard took me to Goodlings.
Mon., May 13, 1935 - Windy and chilly. Earl was sick this p.m. Rained tonite. Bess and Dorothea were going to have a party tonite. I was going with Irene and Helen. Rained too much to go.
Tues., May 14, 1935 - Cloudy all day. Earl absent. Howard and Herbert finished their booklet.
I looked up the rules to High Five, also known as Cinch and it sounds like fun. It's a trick-taking game with the 5 of the trump suit and the 5 of the same color having the highest value. Winning bidder picks the trump suit. If trump is led, you have to play trump if you can. But if any other suit is played, you can follow suit if you want, but do not have to and can play any suit you wish. Also, it's possible for the winning bidder's team to make their bid, but still not get the most points from the round. There are fairly high penalties for not making your bid.
Maybe we should try it out sometime at a family gathering. I'll put the rules in my purse right now.
Wednesday, July 12, 2017
Thurs., May 9, 1935 - Warm today. Mrs. Davis visited a half an hour this p.m. Went to Irene and Helen's party with Ella M. High Five played and Nuss got the prize.
Fri., May 10, 1935 - Warm again. Mrs. Goodling took me to town about 6:00. Went to lodge tonite. Irene and Helen brought me up the hill.
Sat., May 11, 1935 - Rained this morning. Went to Norfolk tonite with Howard, Helen, Irene and Raymond. After shopping we saw James Cagney in "G-Men".
I went through a biography phase during college and James Cagney's was one that I read. I can't remember specific details at the moment, but I came away thinking he was a pretty neat guy with a neat life story.
Here's what wikipedia has to say about G Men:
G Men is a 1935 Warner Bros. crime film starring James Cagney, Ann Dvorak, and Margaret Lindsay, and presenting Lloyd Nolan's film debut. According to Variety, the movie was one of the top-grossing films of 1935. G Men was made as part of a deliberate attempt by the Warners to counteract what many conservative political and business leaders claimed was a disturbing trend of glorifying criminals in the early 1930s gangster film genre. Although the gangster films were typically presented as moral indictments of organized crime where the criminal protagonist inevitably died, they nevertheless depicted a life of freedom, power and luxury enjoyed by gangsters in the midst of a real-life economic crisis. Foremost of these films were Little Caesar, the original Scarface, and perhaps the most memorable, The Public Enemy, in which Cagney portrayed street tough Tom Powers, the role that catapulted him to stardom. What was deemed most objectionable about these films was that law enforcement was typically portrayed as either impotent in the face of crime, or, as with Public Enemy, akin to a derelict and largely absentee father shirking his duty. Based on this interpretation, G Men supplanted the criminal protagonist with the heroic federal police officer.
Most prints of this film include a brief prologue added at the beginning for the 1949 re-release (on the FBI's 25th anniversary). This scene depicts a senior agent (played by David Brian) introducing a screening of the film to a group of FBI recruits so that they may learn about the Bureau's history.
Plot: One year after graduation, New York City lawyer James "Brick" Davis (James Cagney) has no clients because he refuses to compromise with his ideals and integrity. His friend Eddie Buchanan (Regis Toomey) tries to recruit him as a federal agent or "G Man" (government man), but Davis is unsure. However, when Buchanan is killed while trying to arrest a gangster, Davis changes his mind, determined to bring the killer to justice. He bids farewell to his mentor, "Mac" MacKay (William Harrigan), a mob boss who financed his education to keep Davis on the right side of the law. He bids farewell to Jean Morgan (Ann Dvorak), the star of MacKay's nightclub who has feelings for Davis.
Davis travels to Washington, D.C. to begin his training. A mutual dislike forms immediately between him and his instructor, Jeff McCord (Robert Armstrong) which eventually subsides as time passes, but not before McCord openly mocks and derides Davis' attempts at training -something the Tom Powers Cagney would have never stood for. The scenes give Cagney's Davis a maturity seldom seen before in his roles, while portraying Armstrong as a bully and excessively childish. In addition, Davis is attracted to McCord's sister Kay (Margaret Lindsay) which strengthens his determination to remain passive despite McCord's efforts to rile him.
Meanwhile, MacKay retires and buys a resort lodge out in the woods of Wisconsin. His men, free of his restraint, embark on a crime spree. Hamstrung by existing laws (federal agents have to get local warrants and are not even allowed to carry guns), the head of the G-Men pleads for new laws to empower his beleaguered men. They are enacted with great speed.
Davis identifies one of the perpetrators, Danny Leggett (Edward Pawley), by his superstition of always wearing a gardenia. Not having completed his training, he can only give agent Hugh Farrell (Lloyd Nolan) tips on Leggett's habits. Farrell tracks down and arrests his quarry, but he and some of his men are gunned down, and Leggett escapes.
McCord is put in charge of the manhunt and given his choice of five agents. He picks Davis, a decision that later pays dividends when Jean is brought in for questioning, Davis learns she is now married to Collins (Barton MacLane), one of the crooks. She inadvertently lets slip that the gang is hiding out at MacKay's lodge (against MacKay's will). In the ensuing wild shootout, Davis kills MacKay, who was being used as a human shield. Before he dies, MacKay forgives his distraught friend. Davis then tries to resign from the department but McCord talks him out of it by reminding him that McKay's death wasn't his fault and asks him to stay on.
Only Collins gets away. McCord and Davis go to Jean's apartment to warn her. Jean is not there, but Collins is, and shoots at them. Davis pushes McCord out of the way and takes a bullet meant for him. Collins gets away. Davis ends up in the hospital (where Kay is a nurse) for his shoulder wound. Collins kidnaps Kay to use as a hostage. Jean finds out where he is hiding and telephones Davis, only to be shot by her husband. Davis bolts from his hospital bed, has some final words for the dying Jean, sneaks inside the garage and rescues Kay. Collins is shot to death by McCord as he tries to drive away. Kay escorts the still-bandaged Davis back to the hospital, vowing to "handle your case personally."
I barely kept up there with all the shooting and dying and romancing and such, but it does sound like a good film.
Tuesday, July 11, 2017
Mon., May 6, 1935 - None of 8th grade to school today. I don't suppose they'll come any more. Warm and sunshiny. Wrote some chain letters after school. Gave quarterly tests all day.
Tues., May 7, 1935 - Nice day. Finished chain letters tonite. Got an invitation to party from Gladys R. for tonite. Went to party with Helen and Irene. Played High Five. Leffler got prize. Had good time.
Wed., May 8, 1935 - Rained a little this morning. Clear and dry by afternoon. Went to bed early.
I imagine Gladys R. is Gladys Reichert. I wish I had known her as something other than a teacher . . . or have I mentioned that before? I recall being a bit intimidated by her, but always felt she was a good teacher.
Wholly unrelated, but on May 8, 1935 while Grandma was recovering from High Five the night before, Amelia Earhart flew nonstop from Mexico City to Newark, New Jersey in a record 14 hours, 22 minutes and 50 seconds, the first pilot to fly that route without stopping along the way.
Monday, July 3, 2017
Fri., May 3, 1935 - Cold and cloudy. Went to party at South school in Walker's truck and Goodling's car. Had treasure hunt and weiner roast. To card club at Mann's tonite. We divided the play money -- each got $3.61.
Sat., May 4, 1935 - Got 8th exam grades today. The four 8th graders passed. Slept late. Irene, Helen, Howard and I went to Norfolk. I exchanged the sweater I got last Sat. for one that will fit. Howard and I went to the Granada and saw "Society Doctor" and another with Spencer Tracy. I forgot the name. Helen and I went to the New Grand.
Sun., May 5, 1935 - Warm and sunshiny. Fixed clothes most all p.m. Ray and Willie came in this eve. We discussed chain letters. Howard brought me to Goodlings.
Interesting. One site had only a one sentence plot summary for Society Doctor, and another had this novella (from tcm.com):
At the Metropolitan Hospital, where Horace Waverly (Raymond Walburn) is Physician Superintendent, doctors Bill Morgan (Chester Morris) and Tommy Ellis (Robert Taylor) vie for the attention of nurse Madge Wilson (Virginia Bruce). One day, Frank Snowden, son of the wealthy and influential Harris Snowden, is brought in with an acute case of appendicitis, which requires immediate surgery. Harris insists on waiting for Dr. Harvey, their family physician, to arrive and give his opinion of the matter, but Dr. Morgan performs the urgent operation after quickly securing the consent of Frank's wife. When Dr. Morgan is reprimanded by Waverly for taking Dr. Harvey's patient and is dismissed from the hospital, he angrily criticizes Waverly's and Harvey's unethical behavior, accusing both of serving only the petty whims of the rich and obstructing basic medical care for the sick and injured. One of Metropolitan's wealthiest resident patients is the chronically lonely Mrs. Crane (Billie Burke), who, after learning of the young doctor's dismissal, uses her influence to have him reinstated. Meanwhile, two reporters arrive at the hospital and wait for the impending arrival of gangster Butch McCarthy, who has been released from prison for one day to visit his hospitalized mother. The reporters try to get the story about how Waverly has kept the con's visit a secret, especially considering that police officer Harrigan, who is being treated for the gunshot wounds from Butch's gun, is on the same floor. Dr. Morgan spoils Madge and Dr. Ellis' plans for a date when a staff shortage requires him to instruct Ellis to stay at the hospital. The eager Dr. Ellis proposes marriage to Madge, but she tells him that she is in love with Dr. Morgan. Later, when Dr. Morgan learns that his reinstatement came not from his own merit as a physician, but from Mrs. Crane's doings, he decides to leave the hospital in the name of saving his self-respect. Mrs. Crane wants Dr. Morgan to be her physician, so she offers to set him up in a private practice and keep him in business by sending her rich friends to him. Seeing no other alternative, Dr. Morgan accepts the offer, but when Madge finds out about his decision and believes that he has acted out of greed, not self-respect, she spurns him and agrees to marry Dr. Ellis. Escorted by the police, Butch McCarthy is brought to the bedside of the woman who is supposedly his mother, but once his handcuffs are removed, he grabs the gun that was smuggled in by the phony patient and goes after Harrigan. After Dr. Morgan is shot by the convict while trying to stop him, Harrigan's wife succeeds in preventing her husband's murder by shooting Butch. Dr. Morgan is rushed to the operating table, where it is discovered that the nature of his bullet wound is so severe that all hope for his recovery is abandoned. However, the still-conscious Dr. Morgan pleads with Dr. Ellis to perform a method of operation that only they have studied at the hospital. Dr. Ellis agrees, and under Dr. Morgan's guidance, the risky operation begins. During the procedure, Dr. Morgan tells Madge that he had reconsidered Mrs. Crane's offer and turned it down, thus fully redeeming himself. When the operation ends successfully, Dr. Ellis insists that Dr. Morgan ask Madge to marry him, and she accepts.
Interesting poster, I must say. Almost creepy in a way, what with all those faces up in the corner.
Friday, June 30, 2017
Tues., April 30, 1935 - Cloudy and muddy. Irene brought the invitation to a school party on Friday. Got a ride with her and Howard to town. Mom and I made the dessert for tomorrow nite. Howard took me to Goodlings.
Wed., May 1, 1935 - Still muddy. Walked into town, had a 1-1/2 mile ride with H. E. Simon. My party went along fine. Mayme won the prize. Rews didn't come because of roads and Leffler was sick. The other were Helen, Irene, Ella Mann, Ethel Lewis, Gladys Reichert, Theola Nuss, Marjorie Misfeldt, Mayme Voss and Lydia Kant. We played High Five. Iversens took me to Goodlings.
Thurs., May 2, 1935 - Tired as the dickens today. Cold and cloudy. Went to bed early.
Grandma has used "the dickens" two posts in a row, so I decided to get to the bottom of that phrase. Here is what I found, similar to other sites, on grammarphobia.com:
When Pat was on WNYC, a caller suggested Charles Dickens as the source of “What the dickens!” Actually, it was Shakespeare. Here’s the exchange, from The Merry Wives of Windsor. “Mrs. Page: I cannot tell what the dickens his name is my husband had him of. What do you call your knight’s name, sirrah? Robin: Sir John Falstaff.”
Well (as Falstaff once said … we think), whaddya know!
OK, Shakespeare used the phrase more than two centuries before Charles Dickens saw the light of day. But the Bard wasn’t necessarily the first person to use it.
So who the dickens is responsible for all the exclamations that feature the word “dickens”?
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.) says “dickens” used in this sense is a euphemism for “devil,” influenced by the name Dickens.
So Charles wasn’t responsible for the usage, but the surname “Dickens” may have had something to do with it.
The Oxford English Dictionary says the expression “the dickens!” is “an interjectional exclamation expressing astonishment, impatience, irritation, etc.; usually with interrogative words, as what, where, how, why, etc.”
The OED labels it as a slang or colloquial term meaning “the deuce, the devil.” It says the exclamation is “apparently substituted for ‘devil,’ as having the same initial sound.”
But the dictionary says there’s no evidence to support suggestions that “dickens” evolved from the term “devilkin” or “deilkin” (little devil).
The OED notes, though, that “Dickin” or “Dickon,” a diminutive of Dick, “was in use long before the earliest known instance of this, and Dickens as a surname was probably also already in existence.”
So who is the first person to use a “dickens” expression in print?
The earliest citation in the OED is from Thomas Heywood’s play King Edward IV (1st Part), published in 1599: “What the dickens is it loue that makes ye prate to me so fondly.”
Did Heywood get there before Shakespeare? Maybe, maybe not. We don’t know for sure.
Merry Wives was written sometime before Shakespeare died in 1616, but the earliest written version of the play now available is from the First Folio, published in 1623.
Nevertheless, some scholars think it was written in the late 1590s, so perhaps “dickens” is another “first” for Shakespeare.
Now, I don't know that Grandma would necessarily care that her cute phrase was invoking the Devil, but she likely would have found it interesting. Or perhaps, being the smart cookie she was, she knew it all along.
Wednesday, June 28, 2017
Sat., April 27, 1935 - Went to Norfolk on train this noon. Got favors for my party on May 1. Got a new sweater. Tried it on tonite and found out it was too small. To bed early.
Sun., April 28, 1935 - Washed and waved my hair this a.m. We practiced at the pavilion this p.m. We had a good crowd tonite. Play went off fine. Howard brought me home.
Mon., April 29, 1935 - Rainy. I'm tired as the dickens. Frederick Niemann has measles. We talked over Co. Exams. The eighth graders should pass. To bed early tonite.
Here's some interesting information regarding measles from galegroup.com:
Measles, an infectious disease caused by a virus, primarily infects children. The symptoms of measles include high fever, headache, hacking cough, conjunctivitis, and a rash. This rash usually begins inside the mouth as white spots (called Koplik's spots) and progresses to a red rash that spreads to face, neck, trunk, and extremities. The incubation period of measles varies, but is usually 10-12 days until symptoms appear. Due to this incubation period, measles are sometimes called nine- or ten-day measles. (Rubeola is yet another name for the illness). Whatever its name, patients normally make a full recovery from the disease, but complications can arise if a secondary bacterial infection occurs (such as pneumonia or ear infection).
Measles was described as long ago as the ninth century when a Persian physician, Rhazes, first differentiated between measles and smallpox. He also made the observation that fever is a defense the body has against a disease, not a disease itself. His writings on the subject were translated into English and published in 1847.
The virus that causes measles was first discovered in the 1930s. John F. Enders of Children's Hospital in Boston eventually isolated the measles virus in 1954 and began looking for an attenuated strain to be suitable for a live-virus vaccine. A successful immunization program for measles was begun soon after.
Today, measles is controlled in the United States with a vaccination that confers immunity against measles, mumps, and rubella and is commonly called the MMR vaccine. After a series of measles epidemics occurred in the teenage population, a second MMR shot is now required of many school-age children, as it was found that only one vaccination appeared not to confer lifelong immunity.
Here is a bit more from an article about the recent phenomenon of parents not vaccinating their children. How heartbreaking to have lived through the outbreak in Baltimore in the 1930s. From baltimorecity.gov:
In the 1930s, measles infections in Baltimore sickened thousands and killed or permanently injured hundreds of children every year. Outbreaks came and went, seemingly at random, bringing
uncertainty, fear, and tragedy to families across our city. Then a scientist recognized a pattern. He found that the outbreaks occurred at times when most children in Baltimore had not experienced measles and were therefore susceptible to the infection. He correctly reasoned that when enough children were immune to measles by virtue of having survived a past infection, the virus could not easily spread. This pattern turned out to be the key to the effectiveness of vaccination, one of the safest and most successful medical advances in history. By increasing the number of children who are immune, vaccines prevent outbreaks of lethal disease.
After an effective measles vaccine was developed in the 1960s, the number of measles cases in
Baltimore began to decline. For the last ten years, our city has seen zero measles infections. Zero
hospitalizations. Zero permanent injuries. Zero deaths.
I am not sure of the time frame for "the last ten years", but the same article cites data from 2014, so that helps narrow it down a bit.
Tuesday, June 20, 2017
Wed., April 24, 1935 - Cleared up today. Went to bed early tonite. Gave 8th graders final instructions for examinations tomorrow.
Thurs., April 25, 1935 - We practiced at the school house tonite, or rather said our parts. Allen stopped at school house and gave me the questions.
Fri., April 26, 1935 - Warm today. Mrs. Goodling brought me home at 4:15. Baked cookies for lodge tonite. Alma and I on committee. Rained about 7:30. Only a few at lodge.
I have to imagine that 8th grade examinations were somewhat stressful for the 8th graders. Kids my age took all-encompassing tests every now and then, but they were just to see where we were at (I think), not to determine if we went to the next grade or not. I guess back in the day, they were essentially college finals for 8th graders.
Friday, June 16, 2017
Sun., April 21, 1935 - Easter Sunday. Went to church with Mom. Slept all afternoon. Howard and I were going to a show but it was too late by the time we were ready to go.
Mon., April 22, 1935 - Warm today. Dust storm this p.m. Planted some trees. Practiced tonite at north school. Started to rain about 10:30 and scared everyone home.
Tues., April 23, 1935 - Didn't rain much last night. Cloudy all day. Studied a little tonite. Raining good when I went to bed.
Just as the idea of taking a train to Wayne or Norfolk and back again is foreign to me, so is the fact that rain was such an issue back in the day. A mixed bag, I suppose, since at some times of the year rain was desirable for crops, but it sure seems to have often put a damper on social events.
I do not know where the above photo was taken, but a search of "Easter 1935" brought me to it and I thought all the happy people at an Easter wedding was too good not to share.
Wednesday, June 14, 2017
Thurs., April 18, 1935 - Helen went today to spend several days at Lindsey [sic]. Warm today. Irene came after me and we went to Ethel's party. Rews, Nuss, Lefler, Gladys Reichert were the other guests. Played Hearts - had a good time and good lunch.
Fri., April 19, 1935 - Mom's fiftieth birthday. Donald and Allen brought cars and took us to Dist. 40. Warm today, had a good time. Into town at 4:30, fixed dessert for club tomorrow nite. Went to church tonite -- took Holy Communion. After church Ray, Willie, Lillie, Louis, Martha and baby, Harry and Mary Kahler and Grandma Ruschmann came up to our place. We had a midnight lunch.
Sat., April 20, 1935 - Worked like the dickens getting ready for card club tonite. Only 8 members were there and they didn't come until 10:00! Brr! Nuss, Ethel, Rews were here by 8:30.
I am finding it difficult to imagine Grandma Anna at 50 years old. I just realized that on this particular birthday, Grandma Anna had a 23-year-old daughter and when I was 50, my baby boy was 21-years-old. I never did the math before to realize Grandma Anna had her firstborn at around the same age I did. I found that the median age of brides when Grandma Anna got married was 21.6, whereas she was 25. So, she had children a little later than others in her time, I am thinking. All this doesn't mean anything really, just a bit of rambling on my part. Here she is with Grandma and Uncle Ray, probably shy of 50, but I love the attitude:
I am guessing Grandma meant Aunt Helen went to Lindsay, a town in Nebraska, although I am confused as to why she would spend several days there. So far as I know, we do not have family in that area. This is what wikipedia says about Lindsay:
In 1862, subject to the provisions of the Homestead Act, families began settling in the fertile land near Shell Creek. Lindsay was platted in 1886. A large share of the early settlers being natives of Lindsay, Ontario, Canada caused the name to be selected. Lindsay was incorporated as a village on March 7, 1888. By the early 20th century, Lindsay had an electric utility and water system comprising a 100-ft well and a 60,000-gallon tank. The Chicago and North Western Railroad's Albion Line consisted of 115 miles of tracks through Lindsay, on which were operated four freight trains and two passenger trains daily. By 1917, the population of Lindsay had grown to almost 500 people. What is now the Lindsay Corporation was founded in the village in 1955 by Paul Zimmerer as the Lindsay Manufacturing Company to be a maker of irrigation and farm automation equipment. The company has retained a manufacturing facility in Lindsay, but is now headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska and its stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange with a ticker symbol of LNN. In 2005, the company accounted for 80% of employment in Lindsay, employing about 460 persons of the village's total employment of 577. As of the census of 2010, there were 255 people, 111 households, and 77 families residing in the village.
Two things . . . Canadians? And a business started in a little Nebraska village is now traded on the NYSE. Nicely done, Lindsay. (That's a photo of Lindsay above.)
Tuesday, June 13, 2017
Mon., April 15, 1935 - Read the invitation from Dist. 40 to their Easter party this Friday. We've decided to accept. To bed early tonite. Robert treated for his birthday.
Tues., April 16, 1935 - Goodlings went to the show at Wayne tonite. I went along and stayed at Uncle Chris's. We played Pinochle.
Wed., April 17, 1935 - We practiced at north school tonite. Everyone seemed tired and made funny mistakes.
I suppose those teachers all coordinated their parties so that invitations didn't cross in the mail. I still wish I had gone to country school like some of my classmates did.
Thursday, June 8, 2017
Fri., April 12, 1935 - Cleared up today. Warm outside. Went to lodge tonite. I'm on the next lunch committee with Alma.
Sat., April 13, 1935 - To Wayne this a.m. Had a ride there with Chas. Misfeldt's. To Sewell's office and at Aunt M. Went on the noon train through to Norfolk. Got new white slippers, some things for my party also.
Sun., April 14, 1935 - Confirmation services today, Louis B. one to be confirmed. Had to stand in the hall. Howard went to a W.O.W. convention at Lincoln this a.m. Mom, Irene, Helen and I saw Will Rogers in "Life Begins at 40" at Wayne tonite.
I did not know that Grandpa ever went to anything close to a convention, but I'm glad to learn that he did. I know he was a young man then and I knew him only as a grandfather, but I am imagining him having a difficult time sitting still for speeches and conferences and such. It would have kept him inside too long.
I am a bit intrigued by the movie Grandma and the others went to see. Here's a plot summary from IMDB:
Kenesaw H. Clark (Will Rogers), owner and editor of the local small-town newspaper where the subscriptions are usually paid off in farm produce, comes upon young Lee Austin (Richard Cromwell), just out of jail and about to commit a crime. Clark takes him under his wing to put him on the straight and narrow, and also serves as Cupid in Lee's courtship of Adele Anderson, and gets himself in wrong with Colonel Joseph Abercrombie, the town banker and political boss. Losing his paper, Clark picks out the laziest man in town, T. Watterson Meriwether and runs him as a opposition candidate against Abercrombie. Believing that there is something strange about the hatred that Abercrombie and his son Joe have for Lee, Clark digs up the files of the crime that sent Lee to jail. Clark, with the aid of Meriwether and his hog-calling relatives, breaks up the Colonel's hog show/political rally, and then learns and proves that young Joe Abercrombie had stolen the money instead of Lee.
That all sounds like a fun story, but I learned from wikipedia that the movie is based on a non-fiction self-help book which is not at all what the plot would infer. Wikipedia explains the book was "written during a time of rapid increase in life expectancy (at the time of its publication American life expectancy at birth was around 60 and climbing fast, from being only at age 40 fifty years before), it was very popular and influential. More an extended essay and exhortation than a detailed self-help book in the modern sense, the general thrust of the book is that, given the current conditions of the world, one could look forward to many years of fulfilling and happy existence after age 40, provided that one maintained the proper positive attitude." So, maybe the movie and its characters are drawn from a story in the book that was used as an example to make a point. In any event, I hope they had a good time.
Wednesday, June 7, 2017
Tues., April 9, 1935 - Rained just about all afternoon. We were going to practice tonite so we can give the play at Hoskins the 28th of this month, but the rain kept everyone at home.
Wed., April 10, 1935 - Rained this morning. Went to Davis' tonite. We played High Five after supper. Raining when we went to bed.
Thurs., April 11, 1935 - Snowing this morning. By this afternoon the snow had all melted.
Pretty tame stuff.
However, here in 2017 it is June 7th which means it is Grandpa and Grandma's wedding anniversary. I will get to it in time, but I can't resist sharing now what Grandma wrote on that day:
Sun., June 7, 1936 - Nice warm sunshiny day. Annie Miller came at 11:00. Ray went to Wayne for my flowers. He stopped for Howard and Helen on way back. We went to the parsonage at 1:30, home again at 2:00. After dinner went to Norfolk to have pictures taken.
Now, I know they got married that day but someone without that knowledge couldn't be certain from what Grandma wrote. She does say "my flowers" instead of just "flowers" so one could suppose there was a special reason to be at the parsonage with flowers. But she doesn't say marriage or wedding or ceremony or anything like that. So matter of fact -- I am not surprised.
Wednesday, May 31, 2017
Sat., April 6, 1935 - Sun shone a little today. Didn't do much of anything today. Mom and I played Squeak tonite. Rained this p.m. and evening.
Sun., April 7, 1935 - Didn't go to S.S.or church. Snowed last nite and cold this morning. Howard's folks weren't back from Fremont when he left this evening, so we rode in the "puddle jumper". We played High Five at home with Mom and Granddad.
Mon., April 8, 1935 - Cloudy most of the day. Marian asked me if I could stay with them Wednesday nite. Went to bed early.
Darn it, but we really do need to start playing cards again at family gatherings. We had so much fun doing that over the years.
I am guessing the reference to Grandpa and the car is because Grandpa gave Grandma a ride to Goodlings' on Sunday night. I have no idea what kind of car the puddle jumper was.