Thursday, July 31, 2014
May 4, 1932 - Worked on our alphabets all day today. Played ball this noon. Took a nap before supper tonite and they just about had to call out the fire department to wake me. Went to bed right after supper. Kennard Hall's birthday.
May 5, 1932 - Played ball this noon. Did some reviewing for exams. Got a letter from Mom. She went up to Thomas' yesterday. Don't know when I'll see her again. Went home with Lawrence tonite. Raining quite hard when we went to bed. Erwin Ruschman's birthday.
May 6, 1932 - Gave examinations this p.m. The rain last nite surely did some washing. Washed out R.R. tracks west of Hoskins and bridge north of Norfolk. Ray came after me tonite. Rain did a lot of washing around Winside, too. We were out to Ola's for awhile.
Grandma was right about that rain. The history book even mentions it briefly. It also mentions that on May 4, Henry Miller and Miss Evelyn Darnell were married.
And on to 1892:
April 5, 201 votes cast at the village election.
May 2, Frank Weible was granted permission to build a stairway on the west side of his store, which is used mostly for lodges and gatherings. The board also allowed him to build a stairway to his basement entering form the side walk on main street -- provided that the side walk along the front of the store be eight feet in width.
June 7, The Board notified E. Hans, saloon keeper, that he must remove the obstructions on the windows and the partition between the front room and the room where the bar now stands by 3 o'clock June 8, or the law shall be enforced at once.
June 14, Walter Gaebler was appointed city clerk.
July 16, Estimate of village expenses for the coming year, $990.00.
October 4, P. F. Panabaker was appointed a committee of one to ascertain to whom a petition asking for the construction of a series of water works is to be presented.
December 6, the following resolution was introduced and passed: That whereas the Union Pacific trains are run through this place at a rate of speed in excess of that fixed by statue for the running of trains through incorporated towns and cities and greatly to the danger of public safety -- notice shall be served upon said company of such violation of the statutes and requesting said company to prohibit the same.
Well, the $300 for a saloon license in 1981 will make up almost a third of the city's expenses for a year. Not bad. And I wonder what the deal was with obstructions on the windows and a partition -- sounds seedy.
The photo is, obviously, of a muddy road. I do not know where or when it was taken.
Wednesday, July 30, 2014
May 1, 1932 - To S.S. and church in a.m. Then to F. Jochens for dinner. Wittler's there, too. To church this afternoon, the kids practiced on their pageant. Went home with Wittler's for supper. To League and church in evening. Evie went home with Ed Scheurich to help them awhile. Took pictures today. Grandpa Kahler's funeral.
May 2, 1932 - Hot and windy today. Played "Sheep in My Pen" with the kids this noon. Went over to Charlie Jochens tonite. We played Rook this evening, Raymond and I against Gilbert and Hazel. Ray and I won 2 games playing to 500 and they won 2 games playing to 200.
May 3, 1932 - We had a nice little rain last nite. Had to wear Mrs. Jochens overshoes. Shortened our noon hour and got out early tonite. Went to League at Rev. Braun's with Arnold. We played outside and I led the games. Evie wasn't there and Lorene J. led the meeting.
Here is what Winside was up to in 1891:
January 5, bill for McClusky and Needham for $75.29 for lumber and other materials and A. B. Clerk, $12.43 for nails and other material in building the calaboose. G. H. Lyon, clerk, handed in his resignation and Bert Givens was appointed to fill the vacancy.
April 6, First village election held with R. Benser, J. Marvin and F. Benser on the election board. 149 votes were cast. Walter Gaebler came to work for Louis Ulrich east of town, but was persuaded to work for Frank Weible in his store. (The town elected a full board every year.)
April 23, sidewalk ordinance states what walks must be made in the residential section of one inch material laid on three 2x6 stringers and be built in workmanship manner, and under the direction of the street commissioner. A ten foot walk was ordered on the west side of the park to the depot, to be made out of two-inch plank and laid on three 2x6 stringers. Walks on main street in front of the business section to be similar to the latter stated walk, except that it must be seven foot wide.
June 25, August Krueger was granted a saloon license for $300.00 a year, payable quarterly in advance. (This was Winside's first saloon and located in the frame building later owned by I. O. Brown.)
Well, I like the order of things in early Winside -- build the jail first and then license the saloon. Here is a photo of a calaboose, but likely not the Winside calaboose.
Tuesday, July 22, 2014
I haven't lost the journals nor dropped off the face of the earth, but things have been rather nutsy around here. First we found out on a recent Friday morning that we had a chance to join friends in Colorado for a quick trip, leaving that next Tuesday at o'dark early. The day after we got back, John's daughter and family came for a weekend visit that included the Offutt Airshow and a birthday party. They left (purposefully) their 6- and 4-year-olds with us for the week. We borrowed another grandkid to help show them the ropes and lead by example as to how things go at Grandpa and Grandma's house. I am working just in the mornings and going home to wrangle grandkids in the afternoons this week. Also, I had a 2.5 hour visit with my periodontist this morning just to make things more interesting.
I hope to be back to "normal" come Monday and hope to get back to posting then. And here for no particular reason, is a photo of Grandpa with a dog nose on.
Thursday, July 10, 2014
April 28, 1932 - Tired and crabby as the dickens today. Evie, Mote and Mrs. Walker went to the pavilion this p.m. and finished fixing up things. Practiced in the evening and things went much better than last nite. Evie finger-waved my hair after school tonite. Louise and Raymond aren't coming to school anymore.
April 29, 1932 - Well we gave our play tonite. We took in $21.25 and had $12 in expenses. The play went along pretty good I guess, but it seemed to me there were a lot of pauses. Dora Brogren Staben's birthday.
April 30, 1932 - Evie, Willard, Gilbert and I cleaned up at the pavilion this a.m. Washed some hose and slept this p.m. This eve, Clayton and Jessie, Millie and Luke, and Dudley and I went to the show at Norfolk. Willard cut his head this noon and had to go the the M.D. So we went to the midnight show. Chester Morris in "The Miracle Man.' Of all the candy we didn't eat. Had ice cream at Trano's. We got home at 1:45. The slate in my bed looked so funny and the girls and I found tacks in our beds. So queer where they came from! I had to sleep with the girls. My bed was too unsafe.
Well, I'm confused about the slate and the tacks to be sure. Also, confused by Grandma's incomplete sentence about eating candy -- it hasn't been like her at all to do such a thing in her diary.
According to the Winside history book, there was no pavilion in Winside in 1932 and entertainments were staged in the pavilion at Hoskins or Carroll until the new auditorium was completed.
I found the plot to "The Miracle Man" but it is very long. I'll just say that it involves a gang of pickpockets in Chinatown. There are some fights, at least one romance, and at least one natural death. Good enough.
Speaking of the Winside history book, here is 1890:
February 10, We, the undersigned women of Winside and vicinity, do hereby petition you (Wayne County Commissioners) to refuse to anyone who may ask for it, a license to sell malt liquors in or near the village of Winside. We make this petition on behalf of our homes. Signed: Belle Willy Gue, Agnes V. Coons, Mrs. J. F. Ireland, Opal R. St. John, Mrs. Mary Morin, Mrs. Mary Tillson, Alice M. Dodge, Mrs. Laura Grothe, Miss Mamie E. Hollenbreck, Mrs. Lydia Hayes, Mrs. Jennie Cogley. On the reverse side of this petition was L. McDerby's liquor license. This was not granted according to the Commissioners proceedings.
April 30, Winside is making very rapid strides, the census shows 130.
May 19, Wayne County, State of Nebraska -- Personally appeared before me, M. H. Dodge, a Justice of Peace, in and for said county -- parties whose names are hereto signed, who being duly sworn, state that they personally know John Dedla, that he was honest and capable of conducting the election held on the 16th of May 1890 -- Signed A. H. Carter, F. Weible.
September 6, L. S. Needham, J. R. Mundy and other petitioned the County Commissioners to incorporate the town of Winside as a town of 200. John T. Bressler and W. M. Wright offered objections -- it was laid over until the next regular meeting on October 7th.
September 30, Bressler and Wright filed an amended petition to incorporate.
October 7, Winside was incorporated as a town of 200. The story is told by A. H. Carter that in order to have 200 in the town it was necessary to draft the railroad crew, then working out of Winside, to vote in order to have enough votes to carry.
October 11, Board of Trustees appointed by the county for the village of Winside met at the office of McClusky and Needham. W. M. Gue, a notary, having been sworn in by A. L. Hansen, notary -- the balance of the board was duly sworn.
October 20, an Ordinance fixing the time and place of holding the meetings of the Board of Trustees of the Village of Winside, Nebraska: Sec. 1 -- That the stated meetings of said Board of Trustees shall be held at McClusky and Needham's Hall in said Village of Winside on the first Monday of each month at 7:30 p.m., Sec. 2 -- This Ordinance shall be in force and effect from and after its approval and publication as provided by Statutes. Signed W. H. McClusky, chairman of Board of Trustees, George H. Lyon, Village Clerk.
December 2, A. B. Clark having refused to serve as Village Treasurer, Dr. A. B. Cherry was appointed. A calaboose committee was appointed and directed to build same, not to exceed $100.00.
I will admit, I had heard the word 'calaboose' but completely forgot what it meant. I looked it up and reminded myself that it is a jail. I wonder how secure a calaboose could be built for less than $100 in 1890.
Tuesday, July 8, 2014
April 25, 1932 - Cloudy all day today. Ray came up to the schoolhouse and took me up to Mayme's. I got 3 of her dresses, one for Hazel, Bud and myself. We practiced at the schoolhouse tonite. Went in the Ford. Mike, Evie and I sat in the truckbox.
April 26, 1932 - Trying to clear up today. Got a ride with Bob N. to school this a.m. Straightened the library. Raymond and Louise are tracing patterns for me. Last time to practice at the schoolhouse tonite. Practiced quite late tonite. Laurence Jochens and Willie Stahl birthdays.
April 27, 1932 - Grandpa Kahler died. Nice today. Got the grades today. Raymond passed with an average of 90 1/2 and Louise 90 13/14. Dismissed school at 2:30. Evie, Mote and I went down to the pavilion to get things fixed up. We had a terrible time. Washed my hair. Practiced at the pavilion this evening. And it was terrible!!! Harold Jensen's birthday.
Sounds like a fun play already if you have a boy in a dress. Can't go wrong with that. I remember one of Dale and Lynn's friends (nicknamed Tree as I recall, or could have been at least) dressed up as a woman for Halloween one year. Not original, but very, very funny.
Oh, teaser alert - my next post will have Grandma's review of how the play performance went.
Here's 1889 in the history book:
March 1, Winside is decidedly on the up grade. Everyone is happy and doing well.
April 27, fire destroyed the McDerby store, Miller and Cherry's drug store and the unfinished building of Frank Matthews, designed as a paint and furniture shop.
May 9, McDerby has nearly completed his new store building and Dr. Cherry will have his drug store finished soon. (Dr. Craig's office).
May 23, Carl Bronzynski's mother, sister-in-law and two sisters arrived from Germany. The chances are Winside will not have a ball team as all of the equipment burned in the fire on April 27th. (This is the first hint found pertaining to Winside baseball.)
May 24, the town park north of the depot recently donated by J. T. Bressler and the town site representatives is taking shape, through the efforts and energy of the enterprising citizens. Jimmy Hall, our agent, left for Bancroft. Jimmy will certainly be missed at Carter's store as well as at the depot.
June 14, Winside won the baseball game from Hoskins by the narrow margin of 56 to 16. It was a fair game.
July 4, Winside put on its first celebration this year in grand style. The day started out with a salute of 100 guns and plenty of fire crackers at 4 a.m. Frank Fuller was the speaker of the day, followed by foot races, horse races, ball game with Hoskins and in the evening a good display of fireworks.
July 14, the first death in Winside occurred this morning when Harry Morgan, small son of a Mr. Morgan died. The Morgan family was traveling by wagon back to Illinois and stopped on the way to visit A. H. Carter and a relative near Wayne. The little boy had been very sick while they were traveling form Grand Island so Dr. Cherry was consulted while here and he pronounced it Cholera Infantum. The little lad was too far gone to do him any good.
July 30, F. H. Peavy is building a $20,000 elevator, yards for stock and corn cribs. J. E. Barnett of Norfolk has opened up a barber shop and a pool hall the first door west of Dr. Cherry's drug store.
August 1, McClusky and Needham are paying 10 cents for butter and eggs. Winside bought the school site from J. T. Bressler for $500.
Seems they got a baseball team together after all, perhaps fueled by the idea that Winside could handily defeat Hoskins some day in the near future. And Mr. McDerby sure didn't sit around once his store burned down as his new store was almost done less than two weeks later.
The photo is of a Winside baseball team taken "in the 90's". The only players identified by name were "the tough looking" player in the front row on the extreme left (Wylie McClusky) and the player on the extreme right (Vere Carter). Also playing on the team, but not noted in the photo were Tom Johnson and C. E. Needham.
Thursday, July 3, 2014
April 22, 1932 - Cloudy all day, but we got a real good rain about 3:30 p.m. I didn't wear overshoes and I got my shoes good and wet coming home. Went to play practice in Ford. Mike, Evie and I in back with an umbrella. It was raining! Had to get "hard boiled" and lay down the law tonite.
April 23, 1932 - Washed and ironed three of my dresses. Also had Mr. Walker cut off about an inch of my hair. Cleaned my muddy shoes and darned hose. Slept this afternoon, To play practice in Ford in evening. Kids behaved well after the "hard-boiled" talk last nite. Arnold Wittler's birthday.
April 24, 1932 - Cloudy and rainy today. Didn't get to go to Wittler's for dinner. Mote made "kids" candy this p.m. Willard, Harry and Raymond came down this p.m. and we went over the first act. I went to bed about 6:15 this evening. And I was tired, that's why!
Well, the 22nd was Friday and Grandma didn't go to the Hoskins class play with Willard apparently. I wonder why not.
Does anyone know what kids candy is?
This is all the Winside history book has for 1888:
January 5, a teachers meeting was held in Winside. Those on the program were: Carrie Atherton, biography; Mrs. Myra Fletcher, reading; Frank Pittenger, current history; P. F. Panabaker, infinitives; Hope Hornby, language work.
January 12, the famous blizzard.
There are four separate stories about the blizzard in the "Short Stories" part of the history book. I'll do one of them a day until finished.
The Great Blizzard
Last Thursday, January 12th, was one of the worst and most extensive blizzards that has been experienced in the northwest for many years and practically the same features everywhere accompanied it in the territory covered. There was a heavy fall of snow, with a warm gentle wind from the southeast, with the temperature about at the freezing point, which all suddenly changed to a terrible blizzard, with a violent wind from the northwest and a temperature below zero. The storm extended from the Rocky Mountains to the eastern states, but was most severe in Montana, Dakotas and Minnesota. The railroads were everywhere blockaded, the snow packing in very solidly, making a great deal of difficulty in removing it. The loss of life so far reported is horrible, and from many isolated communities no reports have even yet been received. In Dakota a very large number of casualties are reported and Minnesota is not far behind. The total death roll will exceed two hundred. Much suffering among stock and the loss will no doubt be very large. Intense cold followed the storm everywhere, the mercury in most parts ranging from 20 to 35 below. The greatest cold was reported from Montana, where a temperature of 49 below was recorded. The railroads have now been generally opened with the exception of some of the minor branches, and traffic has been resumed. -- Wayne Herald, January 19, 1988.
Here is part of the wikipedia article that includes stories about the blizzard. What made the storm so deadly was the timing (during work and school hours), the suddenness, and the brief spell of warmer weather that preceded it. In addition, the very strong wind fields behind the cold front and the powdery nature of the snow reduced visibilities on the open plains to zero. People ventured from the safety of their homes to do chores, go to town, attend school, or simply enjoy the relative warmth of the day. As a result, thousands of people—including many schoolchildren—got caught in the blizzard. Teachers generally kept children in their schoolrooms. Exceptions nearly always resulted in disaster.
- Plainview, Nebraska: Lois Royce found herself trapped with three of her students in her schoolhouse. By 3 p.m., they had run out of heating fuel. Her boarding house was only 82 yards away, so she attempted to lead the children there. However, visibility was so poor that they became lost and the children, two nine-year-old boys and a six-year-old girl, froze to death. The teacher survived, but her feet were frostbitten and had to be amputated.
- Holt County, Nebraska: Etta Shattuck, a nineteen-year-old schoolhouse teacher, got lost on her way home, and sought shelter in a haystack. She remained trapped there until her rescue 78 hours later by Daniel D. Murphy and his hired men. She died on February 6 around 9 A.M. due to complications from surgery to remove her frostbitten feet and legs.
- In Great Plains, South Dakota, children were rescued. Two men tied a rope to the closest house, and headed for the school. There, they tied off the other end of the rope, and led the children to safety.
- Mira Valley, Nebraska: Minnie Freeman safely led thirteen children from her schoolhouse to her home, one half mile away. The rumor she used a rope to keep the children together during the blinding storm is widely circulated, but one of the children claims that is not true. She took them to the boarding house she lived at about a mile away and all of her pupils survived. Many children in similar conditions around the Great Plains were not so lucky, as 235 people were killed, most of them children who couldn't get home from school.
- Ted Kooser, Nebraska poet, has recorded many of the stories of the Schoolhouse Blizzard in his book of poetry "The Blizzard Voices."
- In 1967, a haunting Venetian glass mural of The Schoolhouse Blizzard of 1888 by Jeanne Reynal was installed on the west wall of the north bay in the Nebraska State Capitol building in Lincoln, Nebraska for the 1967 Centennial Celebration. It captures much of the mood and drama of the storm. The mural, in a semi-abstract style, portrays a purported incident in which a schoolteacher, Minnie Freeman, tied her children together with a clothesline and led them through the storm to safety.
The mural mentioned (photo above) is one of the things I remember most from our 4th grade trip to Lincoln. The others are that we overslept, the bus came to the house, and I ran out the door without my glasses. Fun times.
Wednesday, July 2, 2014
April 19, 1932 - Rainy all day today. The kids played marbles in the schoolhouse. Got a ride to school with Mike this morning. Called up Mom this evening and wished her a "Happy Birthday". Got a letter from Mrs. Smith and wrote to Florence S., Helen C., Martha and Florence Jenkins. Didn't practice this evening because of the rain.
April 20, 1932 - Fair weather today. I've started Louise making programs and Raymond and Louise making posters for our play. Mrs. Walker went to quilting today and wasn't home for supper. Evie, Mote, and Bud went to church this eve. Studied my part this evening after I was in bed.
April 21, 1932 - Weather didn't know whether to be cloudy or clear today. Kids played marbles in school. We went to play practice in the Ford tonite.
Playing marbles in school -- sounds a bit scandalous!
Here's 1887 in the Winside history book:
January 25, the first case was tried in the Justice of Peace Court.
March 1, Railroad Mail Service -- The Sioux City and Norfolk route is 73.96 miles in length, and the number of miles traveled annually by the one clerk employed is 46,299 miles, an average daily run of 147.92. The average speed per hour is 22.22 miles and the average daily weight of mail carried is 1,260 pounds. The size of the mail apartment is 11 feet 9 inches by 9 feet 4 inches, and the pay of the clerk is $1,000 per year.
April __, Carter and Clark grand ball, dedicating their new building before they put their stock in place.
May 4, there has [sic?] been several young men casting their eyes in the direction of Miss Fair of Dakota City, the new teacher in Chapin precinct.
August 12, Tom Morin, son of Mr. and Mrs. John Morin, was the first child born in Winside.
December 6, the Post Office changed its name form Northside to Winside.
December 27, Samuel Stephens in indeed the "crack shot" around Winside, he shot across the creek at a poor innocent little rabbit and after the innocent little rabbit got tired of the noise and smell of burnt powder, modestly walked off and left Sam to mourn the loss of his shot and powder.
Poor Sam Stephens! I certainly hope he was a good sport.
I know of at least two people right now that would like to run the rails for their job, probably even at $1,000 a year.
And someone please tell me who is in the photo with Grandma Anna . . . Tanta Emma and who?
Tuesday, July 1, 2014
April 16, 1932 - Raining this morning. Mr. Walker took me into the train. Ray met me at Winside. Washed and fixed my clothes. Tonite Ray and I went to the dance at Hoskins. I was up to Bernice's before the dance. Didn't have a very good time, not much of a crowd there.
April 17, 1932 - Went to church this a.m. After dinner Ray took me back to Walker's. We stopped in at Ola's for a few minutes. We practiced the 1st act of the play at the schoolhouse this p.m. The girls and Bud didn't go. Raymond and Gilbert were up there a few minutes. I had League this evening.
April 18, 1932 - Got a ride to school with Mr. Walker this a.m. Louise and Raymond are making things for the Fair. We practiced this evening. We're going to give the play April 29. Willard asked me to go to the Hoskins class play with him this Friday. I don't want to, but suppose I'll have to!
I wonder if Grandma really had to go to the play; her exclamation point instead of her usual "grrr" makes me think she doth protest too much. (But, eh . . . what do I know?)
We are to 1886 with the Winside history:
January 1, an estimate of the building done in Hancock precinct near Northside may roughly be placed as follows: R. R. James house, $1200; H. N. Moore cattle sheds, $500; John Lenzier barn, $300; M. H. Dodge addition to house, $500; E. L. Jones house, $500; Warner Starr house, $500; R. G. Sines corn cribs, $100; Martin Redmer house, $1200; E. Nairn barn, $150; A. Krueger barn, $150; Tom Lound addition to barn, $150; John Elliott sheds, $75; J. W. Tillson, house, $400; No. 39 or Long school house, $500; Jay Phillips blacksmith shop, $250; J. O. Milligan & Co. warehouse, $500.
January 29, it is a settled fact that the U.P. railroad will build their road northward from Schuyler in the spring, coming form Pilger up the Humbug as far as the farm of Mr. Hoffman, there taking a northwest direction crossing the M. & O. road near the Wm. Frazier place, there going north through the Wm. House ranch. Where they intersect the M. & O. road, they will lay out a town. (This road never was built.)
February 5, a trainload of 22 cars of stock was shipped from Winside the past week. The stock was owned by A. T. Chapin, A. B. Slater, P. W. Oman, Ran and Will Frazier, the six cars contributed by the latter being pronounced the finest lot of steers ever shipped from this station. Among the "punchers" who accompanied the owners were, B. Feather, Link Neely, Ed. Smith and P. English. The boys returned home from Omaha where they disposed of the stock at prices ranging from $4.25 to $4.75.
February 26, Aden Arnel who sold his farm recently to Peter Ulrich moved on his new farm in Cedar county. J. W. Tillson sold his lumber yard to the J. O. Milligan Co. and will devote his time to his farm near Northside. Tom Lound has commenced an action contesting Charles Thiedies right to a homestead three miles south of H. B. Miller's place.
March 16, Mr. Hornby has moved from the Moore farm to a farm north of -- shall we call it This Side. Warner Starr won't look at This Side anymore. His mind is fixed on the Other Side. H. B. Miller killed a wolf Sunday and two Monday. If everyone would kill off the wolves at that rate, the people could raise chicks without taking them into the kitchen every night.
April 30, Jack Cherry has just unloaded the fifth car of lumber at his yard this spring. Edward Neilan is teaching the Long school. Jay C. Phillips has invented a sod cutter that is really a good thing. Farmers are expecting to plant corn this coming week.
June 14, the plat of the town has been filed and recorded in the county seat.
September 24, Art Chapin's herd of thoroughbred Polled Angus cattle attracted universal attention at the County Fair and in passing the pen, several red and blue ribbons were in evidence. Sunday Law, Sec. 241 -- If any person of the age of fourteen years or upwards, shall be found on the first day of the week commonly called Sunday, sporting, rioting, quarreling, hunting, fishing or shooting, he or she shall be fined in a sum not exceeding $20.00 or confined in jail more than 20 days.
October 1, Jack Cherry's mansion is nearly ready for the painters.
A few notes --
1. I wonder what kind of mansions the James and Redmer houses were to be valued so high compared to the rest.
2. I guess settled facts aren't always settled.
3. From last year's (last post's) information, the "new Star" discovered one morning was Warner Starr's baby. That wasn't abundantly clear to me reading the other entry but makes perfect sense now. Maybe I was not quite awake yet.
4. The gentleman having trouble keeping lumber in stock is the same one that sold the lumberyard to spend more time on his farm. Perhaps he was a better farmer than businessman.
5. I wonder if the Sunday Law is still on the books.
6. Lastly, I wonder what my husband would think if I brought my poultry in to the kitchen every night. Hmmmm.